If your Pap smear is abnormal, your doctor may perform What is a pap smear procedure called colposcopy using a special magnifying instrument colposcope to examine the tissues of the cervix, vagina and vulva. If abnormal or unusual cells were discovered during your Pap smear, you're said to have a positive result. Additional biomarkers which may be applied as ancillary tests with the Pap test are evolving. Views What is a pap smear Edit View history. If only normal cervical cells were discovered during your Pap smear, you're said to have a negative result. Those with a history of endometrial cancer should discontinue routine Pap tests.